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INTERACTION offers a novel framework for assessing, analyzing, and managing the environmental risks, climate change effects, and anthropogenic impacts on Water-Scarce Critical Zones (WSCZ). It combines scientific research and modeling with stakeholder engagement aiming at co-creating science-based knowledge on WSCZ sustainability while including environmental, socio-economic, and institutional aspects as well as multi-stakeholder perspectives.

The project encompasses three case studies located in Italy, Qatar, and the USA, supported by partnerships with prestigious research institutions in these countries. It brings together a multi-disciplinary team including experts in environmental and socio-economic analysis, soil and groundwater modeling, and climate change assessment.

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Modeling Framework

INTERACTION uses science-based methodologies and tools for better understanding and modeling the dynamics of the WSCZ in the three case studies. The approach implemented is based on one System Dynamic Modeling (SDM) where quantitative and qualitative outputs are combined to provide "sustainable adaptation pathways".

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Stakeholder Narratives

The stakeholders' narrative co-construction of INTERACTION aims at filling the science-practice gaps by collecting and structuring stakeholders’ narratives, this task will define the stakeholders’ information needs and concerns.

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Policy Guidelines

After assessing, predicting and modeling the dynamics of WSCZ in Italy, Qatar, and the USA, the project will provide guidelines to design policies and incentives to enhance the long-term economic and environmental quality in WSCZ areas.

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INTERACTION's stakeholders range from governmental to academic institutions as well as NGOs and civil society advocates.


Awarded by

The Belmont Forum through its Collaborative Research Action (CRA) on the theme "Towards Sustainability of Soils and Groundwater for Society" (Soils2020).

Funding Agencies

The National Funding Agencies of INTERACTION Project are the National Research Council (CNR), Italy, the Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF-QRDI), Qatar, and the National Science Foundation (NSF), USA.

National Research Institutes

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